- Mount Everest: named after Colonel Sir George Everest (1790-1866), British Surveyor General of India.
- K2: an early land-surveyor’s shorthand notation, used because nobody lived near enough to the mountain for it to have a local name.
- Himmelbjerget: “Mount Heaven”, 147 meters above sea level. Denmark’s highest point is in fact MÃ¸llehÃ¸j, “Windmill Barrow”, at 171 m a.s.l.
- Kebnekaise: “Kettle Peak”. Sweden’s highest mountain carries this name due to a misunderstanding between local Saami and surveyors, as the mountain with the concave peak is actually nearby Tolpagorni.
- Mount McKinley: the highest peak in North America, named by a gold prospector in the 1890s after US president William McKinley. The president hailed from Ohio, and there is an on-going conflict between the Congressional delegations of Ohio and Alaska over attempts on the latter’s part to rename the mountain Denali, which was its local name before the area became Anglicised.