February Pieces Of My Mind #3

  • Couldn’t quite catch a word in an old Blur song. Turned out to be “jumbojet” with the stress placed on the wrong syllable. JumBOjet. Grötrimslyriker, as we say in Swedish.
  • The Swedish Anti-Theft Association offers tags for keyrings. You put the tag on your keyring and pay an annual fee, and then if someone finds your keyring they can just drop it in a mailbox and the SATA will send it to you. But I’ve been wondering what happens if you don’t pay the fee. So I asked. Turns out that the SATA periodically deletes the addresses of those who don’t pay the fee. If they receive a keyring that belongs to a non-payer whose adress they haven’t deleted yet, then they remove the tag and send the keyring to its owner. But if you quit paying the fee and leave the tag on your keyring for a long time, then you run the risk of your keys ending up in the SATA’s office without any way to get the keys sent to you. Though I’m pretty sure the SATA keeps database backups like everybody else…
  • Oh, for fuck’s sake, ResearchGate. You’re emailing published academics and telling them “You have a new achievement”. Are you actually Pokémon Go?
  • New research behaviour of mine: photographing journal papers and archive documents with my phone and reading them later at home.
  • I remember Eudora, Pegasus Mail and Thunderbird. Been many years since I used a local email client.
  • Big milestone in my book project: finalised the table of contents. This means that I’ve told myself what to write and now I just have to follow orders.
  • Raoul is from Old Norse Raðulfr. Reuel is from the Old Testament.
  • Love going past the morning traffic jam into town on a bus or commuter train.
  • I just got my Y-chromosome haplotype from Family Tree DNA. They tell me I’m an R1b / R-M269, the dominant haplogroup in Western Europe. It’s common in Sweden too, though here R1b is only the second most common one after I1. R1 probably came into Europe with the Corded Ware about 2900 cal BC. All my closest matches are Englishmen. Looks like there’s an immigrant not far back on the paternal line… Waiting for my mitocondrial typing to arrive as well.
  • Made a neat little discovery that goes into my book. “Note also another interesting case of 16th century re-use of epigraphy at Stegeborg. A runestone from the 11th century has been found built into the north-east corner of the western gate house, in masonry dated to Johan III’s building campaign of 1572–90. The runes faced outward and would have been visible to all. It is not known whether the runestone was brought to the castle islet by King Johan’s architect, or by Medieval builders, or if indeed it was originally erected at Stegeborg. The islet is high enough that its apex was above sea level already in the time of the runestones. There is an apparently original combination of a sea barrage like the one at Stegeborg and a runestone at Baggensstäket east of Stockholm.”
  • Another little discovery: it seems super common for Swedish families to cultivate a baseless Walloon origin myth, like my own has done. And 100 years ago, Swedish eugenics scholars taught the Swedish public that all dark-haired people are kind of crap except the 17th century Walloon immigrant ironworkers…
  • My buddy at the National Archives just told me about the first Rundkvist! He’s not far back: my grandpa’s grandpa Johan Jansson (1853-1925) broke the patronymic tradition and took the family name. He was from Östra Ämtervik parish in Värmland. Nobody in the family has remembered his name, probably because his son Sven was divorced by his wife for his alcoholism and died aged only 48. And then his son, my grandpa Kurt, died aged only 40 in a car crash that luckily spared my grandma. So the links back to Värmland were cut early.
  • Found this super stationary branch of the family tree. From at least the late 1600s and for 200 years on, they live in three neighbouring hamlets near Sunne in Värmland. And they keep repeating the same few names for their sons.
  • 35 years later it hits me. Rick O’Shay, the Western comic strip hero, is named “ricochet”.

Author: Martin R

Dr. Martin Rundkvist is a Swedish archaeologist, journal editor, skeptic, atheist, lefty liberal, bookworm, boardgamer, geocacher and father of two.

93 thoughts on “February Pieces Of My Mind #3”

  1. drivers in the Mainland, who are all incompetent and stark raving mad

    I’ll grant that drivers in mainland China are incompetent, but I’m not sure “stark raving mad” is the right term to use when all of them act that way. Sure, you would be crazy to drive like that in the US, Canada, or the parts of Europe I have been to. But in Beijing everybody drives like that.

    During one of my taxi rides the driver actually managed to get a ticket. He went straight at an intersection that was clearly marked “right turn only”, and a cop on a motorcycle saw him do it. This was in light traffic, north of the city center, IIRC between the Second and Third Ring Roads. But I also saw four accident scenes in the two weeks I was there; in one of those cases I actually saw the illegal move that precipitated the accident.


  2. That Giorgio seems like a smart bloke http://www.irregularwebcomic.net/3617.html
    — — — —
    Didn’t most people on the Mainland use bicycles all the way into the 1980s?
    People in HK have had more time to undergo “Darwinian selection” or at least understand “maybe I should try avoid getting pasted all over the road like that other guy”.
    Also, in the Mainland there is presumably still an urban influx of car-naive migrants from more impoverished rural places.


  3. Birger@52: Bicycle use was still common in Beijing as recently as 2006 (when I visited), although it was declining relative to automobiles by then, and air pollution (already at Los Angeles circa 1970 levels; it has gotten even worse since) adds to the hazard. It may still be the preferred method of transportation in the countryside. But I don’t think today’s migrants to the cities are completely innocent of automobiles; even in rural areas the rich and well-connected have them.


  4. I have wondered how much of the traffic culture in a major city that is “local” and how much is “national”.

    You see a wide range of traffic cultures in the United States, so here, at least, it is local. There may well be other countries where it is national.

    Drivers in coastal cities tend to be much more aggressive than those who live well inland. Boston drivers have the worst reputation, in part because unlike most US cities Boston does not have a large-scale street grid–it’s laid out like a European city, so if you are familiar with places like London, Stockholm, or Munich you will find it much easier than people from elsewhere in the US do. But in my experience New Yorkers, Washingtonians, Angelenos, and San Francisco area drivers tend to be just as aggressive. Drivers in the inland US tend to be much more laid back. In Florida, with its concentration of retirees, watch out for little old ladies driving well below the posted speed limit in the left lane.

    Which brings up a particular challenge for northern Europeans driving in the US: in many places lane discipline does not exist. Many European countries strictly prohibit overtaking on the right (left in the UK). Such laws, where they exist in the US (my state does not have one), are rarely enforced here. It’s generally not an issue on motorways with two lanes each direction, but add a third lane and observe how few motorists will use that lane unless traffic is heavy enough to require it.


  5. My driving experience outside the US is limited to parts of two Canadian provinces, Quebec (metro Montreal and the Eastern Townships region) and British Columbia (coastal areas including metro Vancouver). Quebecois drivers are much more aggressive than BC drivers, at least among the ones I have seen, and I have seen billboards in Quebec warning motorists that (loosely translated from the French) the motorways are not race tracks.

    Among Canadians who bring their cars to this side of the US border, Quebecois drivers are about as aggressive as those from the US eastern seaboard, Ontario drivers not quite as aggressive, and drivers from the rest of Canada are about as laid back as those in the southern and midwestern US.

    Ontario and Quebec have their own provincial police forces. In the rest of Canada, the RCMP (yes, the Mounties) do highway patrol, in addition to being the rough equivalent of the FBI.


  6. Birger@52 – In the bad old days, people in HK got a driver’s licence by bribing the Transport Department. You went for your road test, then the accepted method of paying the bribe was that you paid for the issue of your first driver’s licence with a large bank note, and forgot to pick up your change. Well, anyone can be forgetful.

    With the stamping out of bribery, those drivers who got their licence that way have progressively disappeared from the roads through age, and driving standards in HK have consequently improved a lot. Getting a licence in HK is very difficult – the test is extremely tough. Plus private car ownership has built up gradually over a long period of time, so each new driver is introduced into a system that is full of experienced drivers who know what they are doing.

    In the Mainland, after the lingering effects of the Cultural Revolution died down, a whole lot of people suddenly transitioned from using bicycles to owning private cars. So a whole lot of inexperienced drivers were unleashed onto the roads over a very short, compressed period of time. When change happens in China, it tends to happen very quickly. In the early 80s, there were no private cars at all on the roads. By the 90s, everyone was getting a car, and it was becoming increasingly dangerous to ride a bicycle on the roads. That is a rapid transition from bicycles to motor vehicles as the prevailing form of private transport. When there is no prevailing experienced driving culture for newbies to observe and copy, people just kind of make up their own rules, and in the Mainland you had everyone doing that over a very compressed time frame – consequence: chaos. Plus it is reasonable to assume that bribery might often have been involved in getting a driver’s licence.

    HK is well policed, including traffic cops – there are plenty of them around; they are well trained, experienced and really know what they are doing. If you do something wrong, like crossing a double white line, even if there is no traffic cop around, other experienced drivers, including people like taxi drivers, will let you know in no uncertain fashion that you have just done something that is potentially dangerous – not through any kind of ‘road rage’, but they will toot their horns at you, or hang their heads out of an open car window and give you an earful. In a sense, HK drivers have become somewhat self-policing in relation to dangerous driving behaviour, as collective consciousness of the need for road safety has developed. The Mainland is seriously under-policed, you don’t often see that many traffic cops, and a lot that you do see don’t seem to have a really good idea of the rules or what they are doing. Watching some of them is almost comical.

    I think those reasons collectively explain the difference in driving standards between HK and the Mainland.

    Road deaths per capita in HK are pretty low. In the Mainland, they are really frighteningly high – awful.


  7. As to when the change in the Mainland occurred, in keeping with the principle that the mountains are high and the Emperor is far away, people transitioned from bicycles to cars first in the south, and then progressively northwards through Shanghai, with Beijing being one of the last areas to transition.

    The same thing happened with dress standards. In 1982, women in Guangzhou were already wearing modern, brightly coloured clothing, but in Shanghai, Hangzhou and Suzhou most were still wearing the old drab blue or green Chairman Mao style jackets and hats, with just a few adventurous souls sporting a pink cardigan or something else colourful, or children wearing more colourful clothing, while in Beijing, no one dared to wear anything non-standard.

    Deng Xiaoping basically signalled that the spirit of the Cultural Revolution was very definitely dead, and it was OK for everyone to embrace the modern outside world, when he made his “To get rich is glorious” public speech, at the same time that he opened China to foreign investment and global markets. So, during the 80s, China went through another revolution of sorts – an economic revolution, and opening up to the outside world. Deng wore the old style drab clothing, but after Deng, you saw Chinese leaders wearing Western business suits and ties for the first time.

    It was Deng who opened the flood gates, but there was definitely a south to north cline in the pace at which the change happened, with Beijing being the most conservative and slow to change.


  8. http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/03/06/114488

    Population history of early European farmers. It’s open access.

    The difficulty of modelling population change in Europe, or population change anywhere for that matter, is that you need to describe it continuously in 4 dimensional space. Nothing happened everywhere at the same time.

    I was reading the Rational Wiki entry on “miscegenation” just recently, and thinking how ignorant and moronic it is. Someone who is informed on the current state of knowledge on ancient genomics really needs to get into that and fix it, or just write the whole thing off as a waste of time. The alt.right and white supremacists put out some really moronic propaganda, but Rational Wiki seems to be the corresponding opposite end of the spectrum, while being equally moronic.

    When hunter gatherers reinhabited Europe after the end of the Last Glacial Maximum, those people had dark hair, dark skin and blue eyes – that’s known. Startling combination, maybe, but you can get that from founder effects among a small population. Europeans didn’t really become pale skinned until some time within the past 5,000 years, and at least in the UK, people have continued to become more pale skinned and blonde haired over the past 2,000 years – that’s ‘native’ people, obviously, depending on where you set the timeline for being ‘native’. I might set it in 1066, but I’m biased.

    Pale skin in modern Europeans arises from a known small set of loss of function mutations, the loss of function being the expression of melanin in the skin. To a large extent the same mutations have resulted in people in the Middle East being a lot more pale that subSaharan Africans, but not as pale as Europeans. The paleness of Europeans resulted from the mixing of populations who were genetically distant from one another.

    So, to demonstrate that “miscegenation” is ‘natural’ among modern humans, it is not necessary to invoke the mixing of anatomically modern humans with archaic humans, which didn’t happen that often. It happened on such a scale in Europe and the Middle East within the past 5,000 years on such a scale that it was a process of genetically distant populations, who would have *looked* very different from one another, so thoroughly that it resulted in homogenisation, such that all modern Europeans are now genetically very close, when viewed on a global scale, although you can focus down with greater granularity and just about place someone from his genes to the town in Italy that he was born in.

    Nina Jablonski correlated pale skin with latitude to try to explain why it occurred, and it kind of works, but really not very well. That is partly because once the small number of alleles involved have acquired the mutation that causes loss of function in the expression of melanin in the skin, they can’t lose it again (so, paleo-Americans did not become more dark skinned again when they got to southern Mexico and central America), but *also* notably because her very simple model does not take account of all that has been learned since about human migrations and population mixing events.

    So, Rational Wiki does not need to evoke some incidence of ancient interbreeding between anatomically modern and archaic humans to try to show that “miscegenation” is ‘natural’ (and they don’t even get that right) – they could note that there have been instances of male humans mating with dogs and sheep (and one guy I read about who tried it with a cow, but the process killed him), but that doesn’t demonstrate that it is natural or normative; in fact, most people everywhere would clearly regard that as deviant behaviour.

    All they need to do is point to what has happened in Europe within the recent past on the scale of the whole of the then population; by recent meaning within the past 5,000 years.

    Similarly, they could point to the genetic variation in China, where succeeding waves of Northern Han invaded southwards, and interbred with the then ‘native’ Austronesians, resulting in complete mixing in the south between two genetically distant groups into a relatively homogeneous whole, and a cline of genetic variation from north to south in China. That was also within recent time.

    Or they could point to a population like the Uygurs who are an old intermixed population between East Eurasians and West Eurasians, about 50%-50%, which happened within about the past 2,000 years.



    The examples of whole populations interbreeding are everywhere in recent human time. Most Mexicans are tri-hybrids, as are Puerto Ricans and Brazilians, and that all happened within the second millenium AD. And what Rational Wiki has got written about how white supremacy can’t happen *again* in Brazil is really stupid – they clearly don’t know that more pale skinned Brazilians discriminate against more dark skinned Brazilians (even within single nuclear families), and instead of America’s black-white dichotomy (so, people of 80% European ancestry get classed as ‘black’, which in itself is very dumb), Brazilians have a whole load of different expressions for people of differing shades of darkness and lightness, with the most pale skinned Brazilians evincing ‘white’ supremacy over all of the rest of the spectrum in the population.

    Rational Wiki really is ignorant and stupid; at least those parts that I have sampled. So, Phillip Helbig, please don’t go quoting it to me again. It’s just different flavoured garbage from the alt.right garbage and the Neocon garbage, but it’s still garbage.


  9. WikiLeaks releases blockbuster ‘Vault 7’ documents on CIA spying

    “WikiLeaks has issued a blockbuster press release [ https://wikileaks.org/ciav7p1/ ] today [Monday seventh) along with a tranche of documents that were leaked to it that describe the CIA’s efforts to infiltrate people’s communications systems. The documents reveal that the CIA targeted smartphones and computers and turned so-called Smart TVs into eavesdropping devices. The documents allege that the CIA then *lost control of this spying arsenal* which means that others may now possess these same capabilities, which would constitute a massive breach in its security systems.”


  10. Older people are just as good at judging music as younger adults https://www.newscientist.com/article/2123650-older-people-are-just-as-good-at-judging-music-as-younger-adults/
    — — —
    Christian Scientists Debunk Young Earth Creationist Film http://www.patheos.com/blogs/dispatches/2017/03/03/christian-scientists-debunk-young-earth-creationist-film/
    — — —
    Patrick Stewart Is Applying for U.S. Citizenship in Order to Best Fight Donald Trump http://www.vulture.com/2017/03/patrick-stewart-applying-for-u-s-citizenship-to-fight-trump.html


  11. Birger@59: <voice=”Captain Renault”>I am shocked–shocked!–to find gambling going on here!</voice>

    It’s the CIA’s job to search the secrets of the world for items of interest to the US government. The successor agency to the KGB (of which Vladimir Putin was once head) plays the same role for Russia. Every country in the world that can afford to have such an agency has one. The only news here is the specific tools they are using.

    I am agnostic as to whether the Wikileaks people are Russian agents or merely useful idiots, but over the past two years they seem to have been acting for Russia’s benefit. I notice a complete lack of disclosures from them about what Russian, Saudi, Chinese, etc., governments are doing.

    The plan seems to be to float a conspiracy theory that the CIA hacked the Democratic National Party servers and made it look like the Russians did it. Of course this theory does not pass the laugh test: why would the CIA want Trump to be elected, then turn around and try to oust him? Not to mention that contacts between Trump’s people and Russian diplomats and agents before Trump’s inauguration–what were those contacts about?

    Yes, the US has the Russian ambassador’s communication lines bugged. So does every other country who plausibly views Russia as a potential threat. I have little doubt that the US ambassador in Moscow is similarly monitored, and for the same reasons. Keep your friends close, and your enemies closer.


  12. Birger@60: The Onion and the Daily Mash can pack it in now. There is no way either of them can keep up with what’s happening in the so-called real world.


  13. “Yes, the US has the Russian ambassador’s communication lines bugged. So does every other country who plausibly views Russia as a potential threat.”

    Which explains why they bugged Angela Merkel’s phone.


  14. “This bullshit is reaching North Korean levels
    The orange entity from Zeta Reticuli has evidently picked the name for the new American healthcare plan himself.”


    Not the Republican health-care bill. Please fact-check first (Snopes is usually enough), otherwise you will be accused of spreading fake news.


  15. I found a movie on Netflix that I really like – rare in my experience, but then this is a movie that a lot of people would probably not choose to watch, and not one that would do well at all at the box office in the Anglosphere; in fact it would so obviously bomb/disappear without trace that no one would be mad enough to screen it.

    It’s a 2015 Brazilian film called Operações Especiais, in Portuguese with excellent English subtitles that capture the nuances of the dialog. Superficially it’s just another cops and robbers type film, but it’s a great movie on several levels:
    1. It showcases the sardonic Brazilian sense of humour very well.
    2. It portrays Rio de Janeiro and environs very accurately, based on my experience of going there – my advice is never go there. Don’t even think about it, unless you enjoy being shot at, mugged or infected with amœbic dysentery. My best Brazilian buddy, one of life’s truly good people, was shot in the head and killed because he happened to be in a bank that was robbed, leaving a young wife and child penniless.
    3. The basic story is about a young woman who decides to join the Police, not for any idealistic reason, but just because the pay is much better than her current job. She has to put up with all of the misogynist crap that you would expect for a woman joining an all-male police squad, plus the initial terror of coming into direct contact with the really sharp, nasty side of life in Brazil.
    4. The black male cop ruminates mildly but dismissively about what life would be like if a black man could aspire to become President (which he obviously can’t because of the strong skin colour prejudice in Brazil).
    5. It shows how difficult it is to try to fight corruption when it is endemic in every level of society.

    It’s not a very long film – definitely worth it. I could happily have sat through it if it was an extra hour longer.


  16. “Rational Wiki really is ignorant and stupid; at least those parts that I have sampled. So, Phillip Helbig, please don’t go quoting it to me again. It’s just different flavoured garbage from the alt.right garbage and the Neocon garbage, but it’s still garbage.”

    When did I quote Rational Wiki to you?



    I posted a comment which “is in moderation”, probably because it contains two URLs (one which I quoted and another one). I’m assuming that Martin checks his blog regularly, so please make sure that it gets posted, rather than languishing in some moderation doldrums.


  18. Somewhere, the italics tag got lost. Correct:

    Not the Republican health-care bill.

    Yes, it exists. No, it is not the one backed by most Republicans. It has no chance of success. There are many absurd bills. Some “news” services even credit Trump with this silly name. People, Trump is crazy enough by himself; no need to attribute stuff to him which other people dreamed up!


  19. Phillip@68 – Quite a while back. I have an excellent memory.

    Two URLs in a comment will automatically get the comment caught in the spam filter. I know, I tend to be a serial URL quoter. Martin is usually pretty prompt in clearing them out and posting them.

    Unless it’s a URL to a site that he doesn’t want to post for some reason – I got caught by that only once, but took the hint and never posted any reference to that site again. These days I am most unlikely to try anyway, it’s turned into an obvious alt.right site, and I am most definitely not a supporter. I probably should have twigged earlier, but there was someone who was posting good, solid, useful science there – but no longer; he saw the light too and left; probably a little too late also, but then I’d say he’s somewhat unworldly/Aspergic, like me. It’s genetic, you know.

    @66 – You might want to ease off on Birger; I’m pretty sure he knew that was a joke, and posted it as such.


  20. Re @61: OK this is not THE Republican bill, just a bill by another Republican.

    — — —
    (stolen from Ed Braytons blog)
    • Congress: Mr. President, as part of our Tapgate investigation, please deliver the evidence.
    Trump: Hands over copy of Breitbart article
    Congress: This isn’t evidence. It’s a copy of an article from a conservative conspiracy quote unquote news site on the Internet.
    Trump: It is evidence.
    Congress: No, it’s not.
    Trump: You’re fired!
    Congress: Um, you can’t fire us. On the other hand, do you know what “impeach” means?
    • Learned tremendous new word, impeach. Means the president can fire Congress. Future looks great! MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN!

    – Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) March 7, 2017


  21. In fact, looking at the Snopes ref., I’d say that Sessions intended the title of his version to be a joke, sort of. Even Texas Republicans have a sense of humour, sort of. I know, I’ve known a few on a personal basis.


  22. In fact, looking at the Snopes ref., I’d say that Sessions intended the title of his version to be a joke, sort of.

    Poe’s Law is strictly enforced.


  23. “I’m pretty sure he knew that was a joke, and posted it as such.”

    “Poe’s Law is strictly enforced.”

    If so, then this is a reverse Poe: someone mistook something real for satire, not vice versa. 🙂


  24. I think The Local gets it wrong. My guess is that they “swear” just as much, if not more, in Swedish. The difference is that saying fuck or knulla in Sweden doesn’t have the taboo it has in English. I remember one case where a teacher at a religious summer camp said “naked woman”. She wasn’t nude herself (probably never has been), didn’t show any pictures of nude people, just uttered the words “naked woman”. Then she caught herself and asked everyone to please not tell anyone that she uttered these words, for fear of what they might think of her. (She was talking about an example of someone who had descended into the hell of sex (maybe drugs) and rock ‘n’ roll, indicated by the fact that he had a poster of a NAKED WOMAN on his wall.)

    Another case I remember: an exchange student from the USA who had spent a year in Denmark, visiting in Germany. He could understand some German. A 55-year-old woman said “Scheiße” when complaining about a late train, and this bloke’s jaw nearly hit the floor.


  25. I can’t speak for Swedish people specifically, but it sometimes happens that taboos that apply in your native language are not extended to words of foreign origin.

    For instance, in English we use words such as urine, feces, vagina, and sexual intercourse, all of which are of Latin origin, in polite society. These four terms have Anglo-Saxon equivalents which are on George Carlin’s list of Seven Words You Must Never Use on Television.

    I have heard that there is a similar phenomenon in Japan: certain body parts are referred to by their English names because the Japanese names for these body parts are considered obscene in Japan.

    I would not take Phillip’s example of the teacher at the religious summer camp as representative, because while I don’t know about religious people in Sweden, religious people in English-speaking countries tend to be much more prudish than average about language. I don’t see how most American religious nuts would object to a mention of somebody having a picture of a naked woman as long as it was made clear that this is a Bad Thing (which appears to have been this woman’s intent).


  26. Just to be clear: the teacher at the religious summer camp was in the States. And, yes, even the description of the Bad Thing was too bad to be mentioned.

    “For instance, in English we use words such as urine, feces, vagina, and sexual intercourse, all of which are of Latin origin, in polite society. These four terms have Anglo-Saxon equivalents which are on George Carlin’s list of Seven Words You Must Never Use on Television.”

    I think that the problem in English is that there are only two alternatives: technical Latin-based medical terms, and “swear” words. Nothing in between. In German, for instance, one can say “Vagina” (though practically no-one does), there is “Fotze” (“cunt”), which is considered rude, and “Muschi” (“pussy”) which is child-speak (though used by adults as well). However, there is “Scheide”, which is a neutral German word and used more or less as “vagina” in English. Thus, I don’t think that it is the fact that the native words are considered vulgar in English as much as the fact that English has no non-vulgar native words. The other words follow the same pattern as in this example.


  27. German:

    (English) Latin vulgar normal children
    urine Urin Pisse Harn Pipi
    feces Feces Scheiße Kot Kaka
    vagina Vagina Fotze Scheide Muschi
    sexual Coitus ficken Geschlechtsverkehr

    Would skit, fitta, and knulla be in the vulgar or normal column?


  28. OK, you can tell where I have been learning my Swedish! 🙂

    Do non-vulgar but also non-Latin/medicinal/technical terms exist?

    Assuming Wikipedia is correct, then slida/sköte, avföring, samlag corresponding to German Scheide, Kot, Geschlechtsverkehr (literally “sex traffic”)?

    As far as I know, English doesn’t have such native but non-technical terms.


  29. I have quit trying to contribute ideas and informative stuff on blogs and discussion fora. There doesn’t seem to be a point. If the idea is to get feedback to advance my own understanding, then I get virtually nothing back, so the idea doesn’t work. So why would I continue trying to contribute? I might as well just strive to advance my own understanding, and keep it to myself. Trying to discuss it is pointless.


  30. OK.

    The latest research findings on genetic substructure among unadmixed Aboriginal Australians in different regions of the continent, despite the fact that they were all descended from a single small founding population 50,000 years ago and existed in effective isolation thereafter until European settlement less than 300 years ago, are an excellent example of why there can never be any such thing as a “pure race”.

    Succinct enough?


  31. Great. The researchers were very surprised by this finding. Big new surprising finding! I have known about it since I was a teenager. But then, I have magic eyes. I even tried to tell some geneticists about it, years ago, but they didn’t listen, because they don’t know about my magic. Lesson – keep your magic to yourself, and never try to explain.


  32. As far as I know, English doesn’t have such native but non-technical terms.

    It does, but most of them are primarily used by or around children. The exception is “sleeping with” for sex, but that’s more of a euphemism.


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